From the economisation to the biologisation of the political? (or From the economic to the biological character of politics?)

Disorder -normal disorder inside of every political order is not meant here, but elemental and unbridled disorder- comes into being not because a party (or one side) consciously strives after disorder and forces its victory over order. Disorder comes into being temporarily during the struggle between the representatives of two different perceptions of (the «correct») order, until one party (or side) asserts itself over the other party or side), or else because the principles which ought to support order, during their practical application encounter insurmountable obstacles and in the process bring to light an entirely unexpected inner logic which can (even) reverse these principles’ face value. In today’s planetary constellation (i.e. conjuncture) there are indications that exactly this could be the fate of both great guidelines which should henceforth guide the action of the actors of (those exercising) planetary politics: the economisation of the political (the fusion of politics with the economy) and human rights universalism. Their close social connection and the commonality of their historical destiny both inside of the Western mass democracies as well as at the planetary level can today hardly be doubted. Both aspects of the economisation of the political -that is, the providing of a minimum subsistence for (or an elementary existence to) large masses on a highly technicised (i.e. high-technology) basis and through the highly developed (i.e. advanced) division of labour, and the redistribution of goods for the purpose of the materialisation of formal rights- are ideationally founded in human rights universalism which awards to all individuals equal dignity irrespective of every other affiliation, quality or bond (tie). One will certainly scandalise our ethicists (that means: the ideologues of our (own) society), if one ascertains as a sociologist that in that universalism both social atomisation (i.e. the breaking up or fragmentation of society into individuals), which is indispensable for the highly developed (advanced) division of labour against the background of unlimited mobility, as well as the democratic claim of material equality, are reflected ideologically. Nevertheless, this same ascertainment has to be clear to anyone who thinks soberly if one formulates it in the vernacular and thinks of the old experience: where there is little bread to be distributed, room for dignity also narrows. If that is the case, then the question must be posed as to what extent the Western concept of order (or plan for the creation of a new planetary order) could be unintentionally, and on the quiet, turned into a trigger of disorder, should the realisation of the Western concept of order’s premises, i.e. the vercoming of the shortage of goods and the dignified (i.e. in accordance with human dignity) (that is, democratic) redistribution of sufficient goods at the planetary level, fails to materialise. Theoretically the answer is clear: (economic) bottlenecks would lead to instability, and long-lasting crises to states of affairs, in which the economisation of the political would be intensified towards an identification of politics with the distribution of not quite enough (even ecological) goods. If however politics is reduced in times of greatest need (i.e. hardship or distress) to the distribution of goods, then a biologisation of the same politics must occur (i.e. politics will take on a biological character) in two respects: not only would the (direct or indirect) aim of political struggle be a biological aim, namely survival in a more or less narrower sense, but also the distinctive (i.e. distinguishing) features (distinctions) which (in the course of this) would serve as criteria for grouping (group formation) (in the political struggle) would most likely be of a biological nature, since the traditional ideological and social distinctions would have become invalid by means of human rights universalism.


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